Anyone who is registered to vote but failed to do so is at risk of a $55 fine.
Voting is compulsory in Australia.
Those who are resisted to vote but didn't will be sent a failure to vote notice within three months of the election. It will ask residents to provide a valid reason why they didn't vote.
"You must respond within 28 days of the issue date of the notice. If you do not reply within 28 days, we will send you a reminder notice before referring the matter to Revenue NSW for further action. There will be an additional $65 fee if this matter does get referred to Revenue NSW," the NSW Electoral Commission website states.
"Referral may then result in a penalty notice enforcement order against you and lead to the cancellation or suspension of your driver licence, or the cancellation of your car registration."
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The fine can be paid online, by phone, through BPAY or by mailing a cheque or money order.
Those who have a sufficient reason for not voting need to outline those reasons to the NSW Electoral Commission in writing.
"If you do ask to be excused, you must provide a brief and honest explanation for why you were unable to vote," the NSW Electoral Commission website states.
"The Electoral Commissioner or their delegate will then decide whether you have provided a sufficient reason for your failure to vote."
Not knowing there is an election on is not considered an acceptable reason for not voting.
If recipients want to take the issue further, it can be disputed in court.
The Electoral Commission says a court may impose a penalty for an offence of failing to vote of $110, plus the court costs.
Compulsory voting for local government elections was introduced in 1915.
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