East Timor's Nobel Peace Prize-winning former Prime Minister Jose Ramos-Horta says Australia "should get over it" and drop charges against two whistleblowers who revealed covert spying.
The criminal charges relate to whistleblowers lawyer Bernard Collaery and former spy Witness K revealing in 2013 that Australia had bugged East Timorese government offices during negotiations over the sea boundary.
It was seen around the world as a rich nation stealing from an impoverished one.
Mr Ramos-Horta, who will on Friday attend East Timor's 20th anniversary celebrations of its vote for independence, compared the Australian government's pursuit of the pair to the novel Les Miserables and Inspector Javert's obsessive pursuit of the convict Jean Valjean.
"I would never as leader of a country prosecute someone if we spied on some country and they came to us or the media and said I have just been asked to do something that is completely unethical and has nothing to do with the national interest," he said.
"I would apologise to the nation if I were leader, apologise to the gentleman, the spy."
Mr Ramos-Horta was shot at his home in Dili in an assassination attempt in 2008.
The scandal began in 2004 when the Australian Secret Intelligence Service planted covert listening devices in the East Timor Timor cabinet office to gain an upper hand in negotiations over the rich Greater Sunrise oil and gas fields.
Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison and East Timor PM Taur Matan Ruak will formally sign a maritime boundary treaty on Friday that splits revenue from the gas fields, with East Timor to get 70-80 per cent.
Despite Australia being criticised in the International Court of Justice, Mr Ramos-Horta said East Timor had come out of it with a better arrangement and he still regarded it as an aberration by a friend.
"The permanent maritime boundary is a better arrangement for Timor-Leste, we must get over it and Australia should get over it by letting go Witness K and Bernard Collaery," he said.
Protesters marched through Dili on Wednesday in support of the whistleblowers.
Mr Morrison will be the first Australian prime minister to visit East Timor in nearly 12 years and will be joined by Foreign Affairs Minister Marise Payne and Opposition Leader Anthony Albanese.
Australia led and contributed the majority of troops to the INTERFET multinational peacekeeping force, which confronted widespread violence and intimidation carried out by pro-Indonesia militias led by Eurico Guterres around the 1999 referendum
Australian Associated Press